The Mausolea & Monuments Trust

Phipps Mausoleum

A really grand Gothic Revival mausoleum built to impress. In this case a stone spire, crowned with a ring of lucarnes, rises from an octagonal tower set on a massive square base. The hood-moulds, tracery, parapet, gargoyles and balustrade surrounding the structure are all lavishly carved. Inside, there is a large, centrally placed, granite sarcophagus with four coffin shelves to either side, two of them occupied. The floor is laid with armorial floor tiles.

Architect

Charles Francis Hansom

Listing

Grade II* (England and Wales)

Year Built

1874

Style

Gothic Revival

History

The most illustrious member of the Phipps family was William Phipps who was Governor of Bombay in the early eighteenth century. He died in 1748 and his monument in All Saints Church, Westbury, incorporates a fine bust by Sir Robert Taylor. By the 1790s, having acquired Leighton Park and much other property in the area, his descendents were very wealthy. John Lewis Phipps, who built the mausoleum, inherited the entire estate in 1847, and lived at Leighton House from then until his death in 1870.

Condition

Considered by English Heritage as a ‘Building at Risk’ the condition of the Phipps Mausoleum continues to decline. Problems of damp have been exacerbated by theft of flashings and the structure is plagued by vandalism (damage is recorded in the glass and tracery of two of the windows, the carved stone shields and the stonework of the balustrade). Iron work needs repair - 2011.

Sources

VCH: Wilts (1965), 8, 156.

The Architect, Nov 14 1874.

PDF

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Location

Bratton Road Cemetery,
Westbury,
Wiltshire.

BA13 3EB


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