A massive structure with battered walls and a squat central tower, built in a style combining elements drawn from both Egypt and Ancient Rome. Tatham had lived abroad in 1794-6, and his design shows the influence of the Academie de France as well as that of Boullee and Piranesi. A description written in 1808, compares the siting of this mausoleum next to a public road to that of the monuments of the Ancient World, such as those which line the Appian Way outside Rome. But no one could have foreseen at that time how compromised its setting would be by the dual carriageway which now thunders by.
Charles Heathcote Tatham
Grade I (England and Wales)
Trentham Park, most of which was demolished c.1910, was built on the site of an Augustinian monastery purchased by James Leveson in 1540. The mausoleum, which stands opposite the gates of the park, was built in 1807-8 by George Granville Leveson-Gower, the 2nd Marquess of Stafford (1758-1833). He was an MP, had travelled in Europe and was ambassador to Paris in 1790-2. Through his marriage to a great heiress he came into possession of most of Sutherland, as well as inheriting his father’s estates in Yorkshire and Staffordshire, and those of his uncle, the last Duke of Bridgewater. Between 1812 and 1832 he built 450 miles of road and 134 bridges in Sutherland. He was created Duke of Sutherland in 1833.
Neglected but not in too worrying a state. It would be difficult to vandalize such a monolithic structure as there is no delicately cut stonework – just cyclopean walls, now blackening at their lower level (2002).
BoE: Staffs (1974) 286, fig 63;
H Colvin, Architecture and the After-Life (1991) 358, fig.345;
G headley and W Meulenkamp, Follies (1990) 316;
Shell Guide: Staffs (1978) 172.
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